Report on Program Evaluation for Public Health Programs

Report on Program Evaluation for Public Health Programs

Worksheet 3A

Who is asking evaluation questions of the program?
Engage stakeholder

Who will use the evaluation results and for what purpose?
The purpose is that evolution results in tobacco and cigarettes

How much (time and money) can be devoted to the evaluation of this effort?
1 year and $8.85 million

Worksheet 3B

How long has the intervention been underway?
Customer’s personnel and environmental resources for making changes are particular. The intervention and baseline are determining the extent of the changes.

How intensive/ambitious is the intervention?
Intensive training and the provision of typical special education services do not provide adequate training. If a student does not respond to categories 1 and 2 usually one of two incidents happen

Multi-faceted effort or simple intervention
Manufacturing and distribution of nicotine-containing goods, previously dominated by a few large firms selling traditional cigarettes, have been transformed and now include several smaller firms that produce and distribute through stores and nicotine shops. E-cigarettes are also sold through websites and in locations where convenience stores, grocery stores, gas stations and grocery stores have long been available for conventional cigarettes.

Worksheet 4A

1. Outreach
Among the many factors and effects of young people’s use of tobacco, some are proximal (such as attitudes toward smoking by an individual or plans to use tobacco), some are more distal and yet others are wider and much more removed from use.

2. Screening
It is appropriate to implement public health policies that are precautionary to protect adolescents and young adults from harmful e-cigarette-related effects.

3. Environmental assessment
A large program of behavioural, social, and educational research is essential to evaluate how young people interpret e-cigarettes and related marketing messages and to decide what kinds of communication methods and platforms are most successful for regulating tobacco.

4. Case Management
Various measures, modelled on evidence-based tobacco control strategies, can be taken at the state, local, cultural and jurisdiction levels to address e-cigarette use among youth and young adults, including incorporating e-cigarettes into smoke-free policies; trying to prevent youth access to e-cigarettes; pricing and tax policies; retail licensing; Regulation of e-cigarette marketing that is likely to attract, to the extent possible under the law, adolescents and young adults; and educational programs targeted at adolescents and youth.

5. Policies for Tobacco/e-cigarettes
Concerns about the policy approaches to e-cigarettes presented in this report are being made in the  sense of a rapidly evolving demand for nicotine-containing products, which now primarily comprises traditional cigarettes, cigars, smokeless products, hookahs and e-cigarettes

6. Family Training
Health care professionals provide an important channel for e-cigarette education, particularly for young people and young adults.

7. Advocacy Groups
To identify the crucial balance between the harms and possible benefits of e-cigarettes for public health, more information on each of the elements that will decide the balance would be valuable

Worksheet 4B

1. Survey
Most preventive initiatives have used the terminology of public health to address risk and protective factors, often underpinned by specific social, educational, cultural, or biological hypotheses. Interventions are attempting to alter the causes of tobacco use behaviours or to exploit protective factors.

2. Health database
Health care databases are networks in which clinical and laboratory data is regularly entered by health care providers. Electronic health records are among the most widely used types of healthcare databases. Healthcare databases can be used to generate real-world evidence as to the sources of data.

3. School database
Good health is essential to learning and the ability to cognize. Ensuring good health in school years will improve attendance and educational achievements

4. Community Program data system
Addressing disparities in health and health care requires the full involvement of organizations that have current facilities for measuring and improving quality.

5. Local/state and federal data system database
While hospitals, community health centres, medical practices, health systems, and local, state, and federal agencies can all play key roles by integrating data on race, ethnicity, and language into existing data collection and quality monitoring programs, each faces opportunities and challenges in trying to achieve this aim.