Narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs in peripheral artery disease, also known as peripheral arterial disease, a common cardiovascular problem. When you develop peripheral artery disease (PAD), the blood circulation to your extremities—typically your legs—is insufficient to keep up with demand. Symptoms are brought on by this, especially claudication, which is pain in the legs when walking. Additionally, peripheral artery disease is most likely a sign of atherosclerosis, a more common buildup of fatty deposits in your arteries. Your heart and brain's blood flow may be being affected by this issue, in addition to your legs.
A narrowing of arteries other than those supplying the brain or the heart is known as peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In the heart, narrowing is known as coronary artery disease, whereas in the brain, it is known as cerebrovascular disease. Most often, peripheral artery disease affects the legs, though it can also involve other arteries. Atherosclerosis frequently contributes to peripheral artery disease. Fat deposits (plaques) form in your artery walls as a result of atherosclerosis, which reduces blood flow.
A common problem is peripheral artery disease (PAD), where a buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries restricts blood flow to the leg muscles. It is also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD). Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and compare the high blood pressure in your arm and ankle to determine if you have PAD. When the blood vessels outside of your heart constrict, it results in peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This happens when plaque builds up on the artery walls supplying blood to the legs and arms. It causes the arteries to narrow or become blocked.
Most often, PAD develops as a result of atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, which occurs when cholesterol and scar tissue build up inside the arteries, forming a substance known as plaque. Reduced blood flow to the legs as a result of the blocked arteries can cause discomfort when walking and eventually lead to gangrene and amputation. People with PAD are more likely to have blocked arteries in other parts of the body because atherosclerosis is a systemic disease that affects the entire body. A narrowing of the blood vessels (arteries) is known as peripheral arterial disease, also known as peripheral vascular disease. It occurs in the arteries that supply the legs with blood. Potentially helpful are artery-opening medications.
One or more blood vessels (arteries) narrow due to PAD. Your legs' arteries that carry blood are affected. Ailment that affects the arteries of the circulatory system is known as peripheral arterial disease (PAD), also known as peripheral vascular disease, atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries. The capillaries known as arteries transport oxygen- and nutrient-rich blood from the heart to every part of the body. The arteries that supply blood to the arms and legs experience PAD.
Smooth arteries in good health prevent blood from hardening and support steady blood flow. In PAD, plaque gradually forms inside the artery walls, causing the arteries to gradually become narrowed or blocked. The term "peripheral artery disease" (PAD) refers to arterial disease that affects organs other than the heart or brain. As a result of atherosclerosis or plaque, arteries become narrowed or blocked in PAD. Usually, it affects the arteries in the legs.
The illness known as peripheral artery disease, or PAD, affects the blood vessels in the legs. There are several known causes, including atherosclerosis, thromboembolic illness, and pathophysiologic problems. The accumulation of risky lipids, cholesterol, and other substances in the body's arteries leads to atherosclerosis, which eventually reduces blood flow by hardening the artery walls. A buildup of material called plaque has the potential to detonate and harm arteries.
A blood clot, or thrombus, is formed during thromboembolism in the bloodstream, which can block any channel and reduce blood flow. When a blood clot prevents blood from getting to the lungs, pulmonary embolism happens. When a stroke happens, it happens in the brain.
Pathophysiologic combines pathology with physiology. It happens when a person's body starts to malfunction as a result of a disease or an organ failure. Sometimes people think it's a problem with the structure. A leg that has stopped working because of SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus), for instance, is a pathophysiologic impairment as opposed to an amputated limb, which is a structural defect.
It is crucial to take into account the Aota's structure, its various branches, and other arterial alterations brought on by PAD. - The following are included in the watershed word "PAD"
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